Wednesday, September 17, 2014

#FOAMed Digest No. 4: Butter My Biscuit, Baby

Welcome back, to the brand new edition of the WUEMR FOAMed Digest. Get out your Tintinalli’s and strap in, because we’re going back to basics today. It’s all about the bread and butter. The things any PGY-2 setting off to an overnight Saturday shift in the Deuce should have down cold…yet us seniors still screw up on the daily.


Three Stars:

1. If my last shift at Children’s is any indication, the season is upon us – pharyngitis in every exam room. Casey Parker over at Broome Docs (a blog authored by EPs & GPs practicing in rural Australia), presents a magnificent summary of the data surrounding rapid strep swabs, antibiotic use for symptom relief, and antibiotic use for preventing secondary complications of strep. As always, be sure to check out the original literature for yourself. And don’t miss Minh Le Cong’s excellent counterpoint in the comments, which is also well-referenced.

2. What’s your record for most C-collars cleared in one shift? (When you hit double-digits, then we can talk.) The best tools in our arsenal for clearing C-spine in low-risk patients remain the Canadian C-spine and NEXUS instruments. But which one should you use? Do you even remember which criteria belong in each rule, or do you find yourself trying to apply the “Canadi-EXUS” criteria, like I do? Luckily for us, Alayna Hawling at BoringEM authored an excellent rundown and comparison – with a pretty flowchart!

3. As much as you want to start the fist-pumping and beer-chugging as soon as you drop that tube past the cords, your work with the intubated patient is not done, my friend! We’ve already touched on our persistently poor rates of achieving adequate analgesia & sedation in the intubated patient. Another part of quality post-intubation care is knowing what to do if your ventilated patient acutely decompensates. Check out Chris Cresswell’s summary of the DOTTS mnemonic over at EM Tutorials.
(EXTRA CREDIT: He also included a link to Scott Weingart’s notes regarding care of the crashing ventilated patient, which are well worth a look.)

Oldie But Goodie:

There’s been some e-mail discussion lately among our attendings regarding the best way to clean lacs prior to closure. Back in February, Ken Milne at the Skeptic’s Guide (along with Eve Purdy, a rockstar med student and creator of the excellent Manu et Corde blog) published a piece dedicated to breaking down the dogma of management of simple lacerations. Tap water vs sterile water, sterile gloves vs clean gloves, to sew or not to sew…it’s all covered here. Plus there’s links to other excellent FOAMed resources regarding wound care dogma.


The good folks over at EB Medicine recently published a stem-to-stern guide to UTI diagnosis and management in the ED, all based on best available evidence. A bit lengthier than your average blog post, but incredibly high-yield and well worth your time. It’s a bit difficult for me to place a direct link here, but you can find it simply by logging into your account at EBMedicine, following the link to browse issues of Emergency Medicine Practice, and opening the July 2014 issue on UTI.
(As always, contact your friendly neighborhood Social Media Committee member if you need help obtaining access to EB Medicine resources.)

The Gunner Files:

1. Hard to get through a Deuce shift without breaking out the prochlorperazine at least once. We’ve all seen patients get jittery, agitated, or downright whacky following its use. Does Benadryl help? A PharmD expert at ALiEM has a good lit review of the topic.

2. Short and sweet: some diabetic medications are more likely to cause harmful hypoglycemia after overdose than others. Quick table-based rundown over at ALiEM.

3. It is asthma season, and you may find yourself in the worst-case-asthma-scenario of impending need for intubation. Check out this post from The Kings of County regarding care for the sick asthmatic, including intubation and mechanical ventilation issues.

4. FOAMed is taking the world by storm! Does the UK College of Emergency Medicine launching a dedicated FOAMed site mean it’s officially gone mainstream? Don’t worry – we were all into FOAMed before it was cool. But seriously, check out this vodcast on diagnostics in EM, and not feel quite so much increase in sphincter tone when Carpenter or Cohn pimp you on likelihood ratios or Bayesian analysis.

5. Another classic from the Skeptic’s Guide, this time addressing another oh-so-common ED complaint: renal colic. Fluids? Flomax? Any good evidence for either? In news that will surprise no one, Ken Milne is skeptical.

Never stop learning,

Sam Smith, PGY-3

No comments:

Post a Comment